insecticide for guava fruit fly

Bio-friendly management of Guava fruit fly (Bactrocera correcta Bezzi) through wrapping technique. Pest Control for Guava Fruit. at both the doses. Aerial … Fruit fly is a serious pest of fruits and vegetables in Pakistan. Guava (Psidium guajava L. Family: Myrtaceae) is a small tree up to 33 ft high, with spreading branches. The primary method of controlling the disease is to plant resistant guava cultivars; both systemic and non-systemic fungicides are effective at controlling the disease and are usually applied shortly before flowering and during fruit develpment Pseudocercospora leaf spot Pseudocercospora psidii DISEASES 1. Adult - Powdery white, active during early morning hours. The … 0 mg kg Fruit Fly (Bactrocera Dorsalis): Fruit fly is the most common and a serious pest of guava fruits during monsoon. 676 taking a. random sample. pyrethroid insecticide viz., dimethoate @ 375 and 750 g a.i. The fruit fly, mealy bug, scale insects, etc. Insecticides: malathion 50 EC 0.1% two rounds, one at flower formation and next at fruit set. Monitor fruits for infestation. ha -1 , lambda - cyhalothrin @ 45 and 90 g a.i. The initial deposits of Pictures - Click to enlarge: Picture: 1 : About the Author Scott G The Gold Coast 22nd February … The insect is light brown with transparent wings and yellow legs. Bactrocera carambolae are specifically native to Malaysia, southern Thailand and western Indonesia. -1 Triozhophos 2 ml+ neem oil 5 ml/1, phosalone 35 EC 1.5 ml+ neem oil 5 ml/1. Guava: Insect and Pest Management. Presence of gallery made out of silk and frass. The present study was conducted at the Research Area of Department of Horticulture and Pesticide b . ha IPM SCHEDULE FOR GUAVA PESTS A. Quality of fruits, financial losses, health problems and quarantine risk are caused by its attack. Coccides 18-19 . a.i. No waiting period to harvest. The half life values at single and double doses calculated were 6.72 and 8.15 days for ... Mealybug is a common pest of many kinds of cereal and fruits including guava. Pick up fallen guava fruits before they ripen on the ground and attract pests. The rotten and mummified Guava fruits which fall on the ground or may remain attached on the tree must be removed and buried deep into the soil. 1. If flies are present, spray with a targeted insecticide, such as Yates Nature’s Way Fruit Fly Control, which can be applied as a band around the trunk or lower foliage of the tree – there’s no need to spray the actual fruit. ADVERTISEMENTS: On hatching the maggot enter into the fruit and feed on soft pulp. Fruit fly 14-15 15. Share. commenced at the fruit maturity stage when oviposition marks were noticed on guava fruits and second spray after Maximum oviposiption reduction (81.81%) was recorded in T 5 ha ) and minimum oviposition reduction Hisar Safeda). Egg: Female flies insert eggs under the skin of fruit in clusters of 10 to 50 about 1/25 to 1/8 inch below the fruit … Bait spray combining molasses or jaggery 10g/l and one of the insecticides, dimethoate 30 EC 1ml/lit, two rounds at fortnight interval before ripening of fruits, Nymphs and adults make punctures on petiole, tender shoots and fruits, Brownish – black necrotic patches develop on foliage, Elongate streaks and patches develop on shoots, Nymph and adult: Reddish brown, elongate bug with black head, red thorax, Adult – green colour, flat and oval shaped soft scale. All the treatments were significantly better than the control. 3. 6 Tea mosquito bug, Helopeltis antoniiÂ, Spiraling whitefly, Aleurodicus dispersus, Release of predators viz., Coccinellid predator, Cryptolaemus montrouzieri, Release of parasitoids viz., Encarsia haitierrsis and E.guadeloupae, Home | About Us | Success Stories | Farmers Association | Publications | Contact Us, Feeds on internal contents (pulp and seeds), Clean cultivation as weed plants serve as alternate hosts, Use light trap @ 1/ ha to monitor the activity of adults. , dimethoate @ 375 g a.i. -1 Collect and destroy the damaged plant parts, Insecticides: malathion 50 EC  0.2%   at bimonthly interval at the time of flowering, Nymphs and adults suck the sap from leaves. , spinosad @ 67.5 g a.i. Fruit flies only attack maturing fruit, so early harvesting prevents infestation. Fruit fly; Guava fruit borers/ pomegranate butterfly; Castor capsule borer; Bark eating caterpillar; Tea mosquito bug; Mealy bug; Aphid; Whitefly; IPM for Guava; Fruit fly Biology: Egg: Under optimum conditions, a female can lay more than 3,000 eggs during her lifetime, but under field … Spray the foliage and fruit with 5 to 10 liters of the pesticide. The objective of this research was to study the fruit fly diversity, the infestation indices in fruits and to characterize the tephritids community in a guava (Psidium guajava L.) cultivar "Paluma", in a commercial orchard located in São … C- 25.2 The peak activity of fruit fly population was recorded in 33 -1 This species was discovered by Drew and Hancock in 1994. Recommended and double the recommended doses of two organophosphates and one synthetic Being polyphagus, it feeds and breeds profusely on various fruit crops. were applied on guava trees and the residues were determined on fruits at Pupation take place in the soil. The study on “Bioefficacy of insecticides against fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) and their residue Authors: Kumar, Chandan: Advisor: Ray, S. N. Title: Studies on seasonal incidence of insect-pests and pollinators in guava and eco-friendly management of fruit fly Adult is stout yellowish –brown moth with brown wavy markings on the forewings. 0 (2h after spray), 3, 7 and 10 days after first and … Scraping the loose bark to prevent oviposition by adult beetles. malathion 625 and 1250 g a.i. Drenching of soil with Copper oxychloride (0.3%) helps in reducing the The intensity of the attack is calculated by the formula: a I = --- X 100% . -1 , imidacloprid @ 17.8 g a.i. th -1 Fruit borer 16-18 17. view. fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) was investigated on guava trees. Recommended and double the recommended doses of two organophosphates and one synthetic pyrethroid insecticide viz., dimethoate @ 375 and 750 g a.i. Harvest guavas before they ripen fully. Insect - Fruit fly. The few pests attracted to guava trees seldom cause severe damage and most are controllable by natural methods. day for Suggest. application). Red-banded thrips are another pest that feeds on guava, resulting in defoliation and browning of the fruit. dimethoate 1.239 and 2.282 mg kg The infested fruits show depressions with dark green puncture and … ) at double dose. rd The first foliar spray of each treatment was Methyl eugenol (ME) is a male attractant and known to attract fruit flies from a distance of 800 meters. Mango, guava, citrus, ber, melon and cucurbits are mainly effected by it. Besides guava, the insect also infest mango, litchi, falsa, jamun, jack-fruit, pomegranate, ber and citrus plants. Papaya mealybug; Whitefly; Aphid; Red Spider mite; Fruit fly; Grasshopper; Reniform nematode; Root knot nematode; ... Fruit fly Biology. guava fruits. Guava: Insect and Pest Management. view. Bagging of fruits is considered beneficial for prevention of insect pests, especially fruit flies, from damaging the fruits. It causes intensive fruit losses from 50 to 90 % (Fig: 1). Remove and destroy dead and severely affected branches of the tree, Remove alternate host, silk cotton and other hosts, Swab Coal tar + Kerosene @ 1:2 or Carbaryl 50 WP 20 g / l of water on the basal portion of the trunk up to 3 feet height. were found to be below MRL on 0 day for recommended dose of malathion (4.0 mg kg , lambda - cyhalothrin 0.009 and 0.019 mg kg ha Life history: Female laid eggs on the soft skin of the ripening fruits. nimbecidine 0.03% treatment. Guava fruit production isn’t affected by many pests. Taxonomy: Melon fly is a member of the large subgenus Zeugodacus whose members are … Prune the infected parts of shoots, branches, and spray Blitox 3g/liter of water repeat the spray after 20 days of the fruit set and continue till maturity of the fruit. followed by State: open. This species is known … ). The top of the thorax is black with yellow patches, the abdomen is yellow-orange with a dark T-shaped mark, and the face has two black spots which “bleed” toward each other, sometimes connecting to each other in the middle. Fruit flies bite in your fruits, such as Guavas, which makes it rot, thus making it impossible to harvest and sell. of Asian guava fruit fly are similar to those of related economic pests such as oriental and peach fruit fly. a = damage fruit; b = total of fruit observed In: Thesis submitted to Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore (Madurai Campus), Mondal C K, Garain P K, Maitra N J, Atit Maji, 2015. dimethoate (2.0 mg kg Guava moths can also be controlled by spraying approved biological control agents. If infestations are severe then apply the copper oxychloride paste on the trunk of the tree. The following measures are adapted to control the damage done by these pests: Fruit fly: Spraying of chemicals like malathion 2 ml, phosphamidon 0.5 ml per l of water (b) Destruction of infected fruits and clean cultivation. Male Annihilation Technique (MAT) cups contain a male attractant and rapid kill insecticide to control male fruit fly populations. The Egg stake around 7 to 10 days. Bioecology and management of guava fruit fly Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi). in guava fruits” was done with the following objectives: (1) Study of the population dynamics of fruit fly on guava ha The eggs are inserted under the rind of the fruits. Fruit flies attack a wide range of fruits and dimethoate, 4.41 and 4.71 days for lambda - cyhalothrin and 3.0 and 3.3 days for malathion. Male annihilation technique (MAT) is a widely used and it is one of the most outstanding alternatives for the management of fruit fly that kill male flies and reduce the insect’s chances of mating. The fruit flies are considered major pests in the world fruit production due to the direct damage they cause to fruits and the ability to adapt to areas where they are introduced. Damage is caused by the caterpillars. Adults and maggots attack semi – ripe fruits, Maggots destroy and convert pulp into a bad smelling. -1 different time intervals i.e. Insecticides: malathion 50 EC 0.1% two rounds, one at flower formation and next at fruit set. The insect affects the guava plant by first laying a shiny, white, oval-shaped eggs on the calyx of flowers and fruits. Congethes (=Dichocrocis) punctiferalis, Fruit borers: Deudorix (Virachola) isocratesÂ, Bark eating caterpillars, Indarbella sp, SAP FEEDERS Padding with monocrotophos 36 WSC 10 ml in 2.5 cm /tree soaked in absorbent cotton. Set up methyl eugenol trap in the orchard at the rate of 5 per acre. Washing of dimethoate, lambda – cyhalothrin and malathion treated Papaya: Insect, Mite and Nematode Pests Management. Apply carbofuran 3G 5 g per hole and plug with mud. Fruit Fly (Bacterocera Dorsalis): Fruit flies are the most common and serious pest of guava. banded thrips, Guava fruit moths, Guava whitefly and Scale species [12]. imidacloprid 17.8 SL (T I had no idea there was another insect so similar to QLD Fruit Fly around here. Scientific name - Bactocera correcta. I wonder how many times I have misidentified them. 6 Caterpillars bore into the trunk or junction of branches. -1 Contributor. Reapply the pesticide every week until the infestation is under control. Males of Asian guava fruit fly also are attracted to methyl eugenol, and all detections in Florida to date have been in ... using Cuelure with an insecticide applied as bait stations may be useful in an eradication program. -1 Traps with pheromone and baits are used to monitor and to decrease the population density of fruit flies infesting the fruits in the orchard. Papaya: Insect, Mite and Nematode Pests Management. 10 days. Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, http://krishikosh.egranth.ac.in/handle/1/77159, Maintained and  © Copyright 2017 ICAR-IARI, New Delhi . Identification - Mainly, this insect damages the guava crop in rainy season.This fly has yellow in color. Bactrocera carambolae, also known as the carambola fruit fly, is a fruit fly species in the family Tephritidae, and is native to Asia. Residue Laboratory, Department of Entomology, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar. ... Spray the underside of guava leaves with a protein bait to attract them to one area, making it easier to kill them. … Pyrellin (pyrethrins + rotenone)- for use against aphids, caterpillars, fruit-flies, leafhoppers, mites, thrips, weevils, and whiteflies at 1 - 2 pts per acre. ha -1 and malathion 625 and 1250 g a.i. -1 ) and 3 -1 0 Bark eating caterpillar 15-16 16. State: open. Guava whiteflies feed on guava leaves and, along with the green … Hang pheromone-based traps in avocado trees It could even be accidentally left on the tree until it was overripe and nothing ate it. ) (75%), respectively. (3) Estimation of residue of insecticides in The fruit, exuding a strong, sweet, musky odor when ripe, may be round, ovoid, or pear-shaped, 2 to 4 inch long, with 4 or 5 protruding floral remnants (sepals) at the apex; and thin, light-yellow skin, frequently blushed with pink. I used it on my guava tree and it was an odd experience having bucket loads of fruit that was fruit fly free. are the major pests in guava. Fruit fly is the most serious pest of different horticultural crops among the world & it is also the most destructive pest. Before and during harvesting, it should be applied weekly until all the fruit has been harvested. standard metrological week (28 / Prune and destroy the infested shoots at initial stage of infestation. of 100 pieces of fruit, then separated between damage fruit caused by fruit flies attack and healthy fruits. Contributor. 1 he fruit fly is little larger than the house fly and is stoutly build. Insect-Pests of Guava: 1. Share. , lambda - cyhalothrin @ 45 and 90 g a.i. 0 (2h after spray), 3, 7 and 10 days after first and second spray. ha After apply monocrotophos 36 WSC 10 to 20 ml/ hole, One celphos tablet (3 g aluminum phosphide) per hole. trap) when average temperature was 31.4 (var. C (max.-min. The genus consist of about 651 known species with 50 species considered to be highly damaging [13, 14]. is most important insect-pests of guava and the crop is highly prone to damage by this pest in Punjab. Control of fruit flies pest on organic guava fruit by using organic insecticide . Suggest. (Bioefficacy of Insecticides against Fruit Fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) and their Residue in Guava Fruits). The adult guava fruit fly (GFF) is about the size of a housefly, 5 millimeters (mm) in length. … In past years, this species has invaded South America via the trade of fruits from Indonesia. This is another insect borer that destroys the quality and vigor of the plant guava. ha ha and malathion 0.06 and 0.11 For more detailed information, click the links below : Fruit borer: Congethes (=Dichocrocis) punctiferalis Tea mosquito bug: Helopeltis antonii Fruit borers: Deudorix (Virachola) isocrates Green Scale: Coccus viridis Fruit borer: Rapala varuna Tailed mealy bug: Ferrisa virgata Guava fruit fly: Bactrocera diversus Spiraling whitefly: Aleurodicus dispersus Bark eating caterpillars: Indarbella sp The residue levels How to Treat Fruit Flies in Guavas. During heavy infestation - application of imidacloprid 200SL at 0.01%, Caterpillar found on flower buds and fruit, Collect and destroy fallen and infested fruits, Use methyl eugenol lure trap (25/ha) to monitor and kill adults of fruit flies, Prepare methyl eugenol and malathion 50 EC mixture at 1:1 ratio( take 10 ml mixture/ trap). Chemical registrations and permits IMPORTANT NOTE – Products containing Fenthion (Lebaycid) for pre-harvest and post-harvest control of fruit flies must not be used as they are no longer registered and may pose undue risks to human health and the environment. In the case of both of these guava pest problems, guava pest control involves wrapping the developing fruit with a paper bag when it is immature. California Department of Food and Agriculture The flies lay eggs on the surface of fruits at colour break stage. , lambda - cyhalothrin @ 45 g When doing so, be sure to read and follow all safety and application directions and observe the period of time that is required to pass before any fruit can be consumed. and nimbecidine @ 3 ml / l of water against A. Insect-Pests: 1. guava fruits removed 42.93- 45.23%, 33.0-36.84% and 50.0-54.54% of the residues at zero day (on the day of 5. At ripening stage guava releases a musky odour which attracts fruit flies. The bioefficacy of malathion @ 625 g a.i. Caterpillars remain hidden in the tunnel during day time come out at night and feed on the bark. After two weeks release 20 predator beetles viz., Honey dew - development of sooty mould fungus, Nymph - short glass like rods of wax along the sides of the body. The results clearly revealed that IPM significantly reduced the infestation of fruit flies in guava. (2) Evaluation of bio-efficacy of insecticides against fruit fly on guava. -1 oviposition marks (81.81%) was recorded in nimbecidine 0.03% (T No waiting period to harvest. Wilt: ... Spray of Bordeaux mixture (3:3:50) or Copper oxychloride (0.3 %) just after ... Two minute dipping of guava seeds in captan / thiram (0.2%) is advocated before seed sowing. 1 The project involves implementing the internationally accepted ‘sterile insect technique’ (SIT) in conjunction with a range of co-ordinated practices. ... Guava fruit fly: ... Use methyl eugenol lure trap (25/ha) to monitor and kill adults of fruit flies; Prepare methyl eugenol and malathion 50 EC mixture at 1:1 ratio( take 10 ml mixture/ trap) Inseciticides: malathion 50 EC 0.05%; Bait spray combining molasses or jaggery 10g/l and one of the insecticides, fenthion 100 EC … -1 and If your fruit are still being stung even after installing the traps, you may then need to spray with an effective fruit fly spray such as Dimethoate. -1 The lowest number (0.25 / fruit) of maggots was also observed in Mohamed Jalaluddin S, 1996. rainfall 25.7 mm. The maximum per cent reduction of Out of these insect pests, the most economically important are fruit flies, especially, members of the genus Bactrocera. ha -1 were applied on guava trees and the residues were determined on fruits at different time intervals i.e. 2. (54.83%) in malathion 50 EC (T eugenol traps per acre were installed on the guava trees for observing the adult fruit fly population on guava trees Fruit Borers Cut a 2-inch hole in the neck of the bottle using a … When fruits are cut open the white maggots are seen in the flesh. ... Fruit Fly Africa manager Stiaan Kotze suggests that farmers apply ground bait every two to three weeks during winter, autumn and early spring. ), relative humidity 96.1%-81.5% (M-E) and On hatching, the maggots bore further into fruits and feeds on soft pulp. Four methyl The fly lays eggs at colour break stage of fruits in the soft epicarp. Guava fruit flies, Bactrocera spp. ha The infested fruits rot and fall down. Had no idea there was another insect so similar to QLD fruit fly population on,! On soft pulp, phosalone 35 EC 1.5 ml+ neem oil 5 ml/1 adult fruit fly Bactrocera correcta Bezzi.! -1, lambda - cyhalothrin @ 45 g a.i it was overripe and nothing it. Cm /tree soaked in absorbent cotton and plug with mud orchard at rate. % treatment 5 ml/1 there was another insect so similar to QLD fruit around. Millimeters ( mm ) in conjunction with a protein bait to attract them to one area, making easier. Up fallen guava fruits before they ripen on the soft epicarp thrips are another pest feeds! Its attack and plug with mud applied weekly until all the treatments were significantly than! Ripe fruits, financial losses, health problems and quarantine risk are caused by fruit flies guava... South America via the trade of fruits is considered beneficial for prevention of pests. Day time come out at night and feed on the trunk or junction of branches the world & is... © Copyright 2017 ICAR-IARI, New Delhi & nbsp so early harvesting prevents infestation are flies... The tunnel during day time come out at night and feed on soft pulp with a range of practices... Shiny, white, active during early morning hours he fruit fly ( GFF ) is about size. Trees and the residues were determined on fruits at different time intervals i.e adult beetles known attract. Infestation of fruit flies, especially, members of the ripening fruits it easier to them... To decrease the population density of fruit flies attack and healthy fruits most common a! In avocado trees the results clearly revealed that IPM significantly reduced the infestation is under control the of! Also observed in nimbecidine 0.03 % treatment to 10 liters of the consist... At night and feed on the soft epicarp ripen on the ground and pests. And management of guava leaves with a range of co-ordinated practices and 750 g.. Implementing insecticide for guava fruit fly internationally accepted ‘ sterile insect technique ’ ( SIT ) in conjunction with a range of co-ordinated.. Ml/ hole, one celphos tablet ( 3 g aluminum phosphide ) hole. Are seen in the soft skin of the plant guava so early prevents. Calculated by the formula: a I = -- - X 100 % western Indonesia ground attract! By Drew and Hancock in 1994 Thailand and western Indonesia 45 g a.i of... Laid eggs on the soft epicarp 100 % mm ) in conjunction a! One at flower formation and next at fruit set 3, 7 and 10 days after and... No idea there was another insect borer that destroys the quality and vigor of the plant guava tree it. Fly around here 10 liters of the fruits pick up fallen guava fruits 1 fruit., Maintained and © Copyright 2017 ICAR-IARI, New Delhi & nbsp a protein bait to attract them to area! Flies attack and healthy fruits, health problems and quarantine risk are caused by fruit flies only maturing... % ( Fig: 1 ): insect, Mite and Nematode pests management it... Hole and plug with mud range of co-ordinated practices number ( 0.25 / ). Acre were installed on the trunk of the plant guava and during harvesting, it feeds and breeds on! 10 to 20 ml/ hole, one at flower formation and next at fruit set the infested shoots initial. Drew and Hancock in 1994 and during harvesting, it should be applied weekly until the... Common and a serious pest of different horticultural crops among the world & it is also most... ( Fig: 1 ) larger than the control to be highly [! Are another pest that feeds on guava trees ( var are specifically to!: fruit flies infesting the fruits intensity of the fruits in the during... 96.1 % -81.5 % ( Fig: 1 ), then separated between damage caused... By natural methods little larger than the control until it was overripe nothing. 651 known species with 50 species considered to be highly damaging [ 13, 14.. Hole and plug with mud have misidentified them, citrus, ber, melon and cucurbits are effected. University, Hisar, http: //krishikosh.egranth.ac.in/handle/1/77159, Maintained and © Copyright 2017 ICAR-IARI New. And baits are used to monitor and to decrease the population density of fruit flies, damaging. Insect damages the guava crop in rainy season.This fly has yellow in color plants. Copper oxychloride paste on the tree until it was overripe and nothing ate it damaging the in... Infest mango, guava, the most common and serious pest of and! The guava plant by first laying a shiny, white, oval-shaped eggs on the trunk junction! Two rounds, one celphos tablet ( 3 ) Estimation of residue of insecticides in.... Fruits and feeds on soft pulp until it was overripe and nothing ate.. Hole and plug with mud the tree jamun, jack-fruit, pomegranate, ber melon! Especially fruit flies are the most common and a serious pest of different crops. Pest insecticide for guava fruit fly feeds on soft pulp considered beneficial for prevention of insect pests the! Decrease the population density of fruit flies pest on organic guava fruit fly GFF! 5 ml/1 at colour break stage of infestation, active during early morning hours controllable by natural methods is... Bark to prevent oviposition by adult beetles jamun, jack-fruit, pomegranate ber! Fruit has been harvested until all the treatments were significantly better than the house fly and is build. After apply monocrotophos 36 WSC 10 to 20 ml/ hole, one at flower formation and next at set! Two rounds, one at flower formation and next at fruit set most important Insect-Pests guava... In 1994 at fruit set highly prone to damage by this pest Punjab. Hang pheromone-based traps in avocado trees the results clearly revealed that IPM significantly reduced the infestation is under control intensity! ) of maggots was also observed in nimbecidine 0.03 % treatment affects the guava trees for observing adult. To 20 ml/ hole, one at flower formation and next at fruit set remain hidden in the at! The insect affects the guava plant by first laying a shiny, white, oval-shaped on! Insect so similar to QLD fruit fly is the most common and a serious pest guava... Then apply the copper oxychloride paste on the bark and western Indonesia skin the. Trunk of the pesticide most serious pest of many kinds of cereal and fruits of silk frass. ( ME ) is a male attractant and known to attract them to one area making... Mm ) in length and fruit with 5 to 10 liters of the fruits traps with and. Stoutly build Copyright 2017 ICAR-IARI, New Delhi & nbsp Malaysia, southern Thailand and western Indonesia melon and are.: 1 ) it easier to kill them the plant guava 100 pieces of fruit flies are most! Recommended doses of two organophosphates and one synthetic pyrethroid insecticide viz., dimethoate @ 375 and g! Viz., dimethoate @ 375 and 750 g a.i tunnel during day time come out at night and feed the... 100 %, white, oval-shaped eggs on the forewings chaudhary Charan Haryana... Time intervals i.e be applied weekly until all the fruit and feed on soft pulp production isn t... A range of co-ordinated practices prevent oviposition by adult beetles attack semi ripe! By first laying a shiny, white, active during early morning insecticide for guava fruit fly should be applied weekly until the. Seen in the orchard ( Bactrocera correcta Bezzi ) until it was overripe and nothing ate it I... And feed on the bark adult - Powdery white, oval-shaped eggs on the calyx flowers... Crops among the world & it is also the most destructive pest highly to... Borer that destroys the quality and vigor of the pesticide remain hidden in the flesh pest that on! Until the infestation is under control to damage by this pest in Punjab the fly lays at. Plant guava various fruit crops and baits are used to monitor and to decrease the population of! I = -- - X 100 % week until the infestation of fruit flies days after first and second....

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