It is a heat-loving tree which needs a long vegetation period. Sweet chestnut is monoecious, meaning both male and female flowers are found on the same tree. Blackish-brown dye is obtained from the leaves and the bark and also oil which is medicinal.  Contrary to that notion, other scientists found no indication of the Romans spreading C. sativa before the fifth century.  The first charcoal remains of sweet chestnut only date from around 850-950 B.C., making it very difficult to infer a precise origin history. Absence of fruit formation leads to die back of the petal. The Sweet Chestnut (Castanea sativa) was probably introduced to Britain by the Romans. Calories from Fat 28.35 Kcal.  Nowadays there are cultivars that are resistant to the ink disease. Free radicals are produced in the body as a result of the natural phenomenon of molecules reacting with active oxygen. The fruit of the chestnut tree emerges as clusters of sharp, spiny green capsules, also known as burrs, that usually contain three nuts. Sweet chestnuts, which are fruit trees, are sometimes called the "bread tree", since chestnuts used to be eaten as a meal by the more impoverished. There are dozens of chestnuts cultivated around the world, but there are five main species. A decoction is used as gargle for treating sore throats. Calculations are based on average age of 19 to 50 years and weighs 194 lbs. It can live to more than 2,000 years of age in natural conditions, see the poetically-named "hundred-horse chestnut" in eastern Sicily for example. Two of the finest Sweet Chestnut varieties have been hand selected for both their shiny dark Mahogany nuts.  Sweet chestnut is a good source for starch,; chestnuts of all varieties generally contain about the same amount of starch. This helps to prevent the spikes and drops in blood sugars that are dangerous for diabetic patients, and are often precursors to the development of diabetes in those currently unaffected.(5). First of all, these nuts are rich in the B family vitamins like folate, riboflavin, thiamine which are directly associated to proper neurological development and function. Its naturally high concentration of organic acids is a key factor influencing the organoleptic characteristics of fruits and vegetables, namely flavor. Don’t worry about the shell turning black in places, as you’ll be taking it off anyway.  The oblong-lanceolate, boldly toothed leaves are 16–28 cm (6–11 in) long and 5–9 cm (2–4 in) broad. It is thought to have been introduced to the British Isles by the Romans and today can be found commonly throughout the UK in woods and copses, especially in parts of southern England where it is … They are anti-inflammatory, expectorant, tonic and astringent. It is used to make furniture, barrels (sometimes used to age balsamic vinegar), and roof beams notably in southern Europe (for example in houses of the Alpujarra, Spain, in southern France and elsewhere). Sweet chestnut treatments, common diseases and pests of this fruit tree The sweet chestnut (Castanea sativa) is a species that originated from countries near the Mediterranean Sea. ... Insect Barrier Glue is the easy way to stop crawling pests.  On the other hand, the consumer must consider that roasting, boiling or frying has a big impact on the nutritional profile of chestnut. A chestnut from a lone tree is unlikely to germinate. Sweet chestnut is native to southern Europe, western Asia and north Africa. Then make a shallow X in the flat side of each nut with a sharp knife, aiming to go through the shell but not to cut into the meat beneath. Italian and Corsican polenta (type of porridge) is made with sweet chestnut flour. Compared to other nuts chestnuts are low in protein and especially low in fat. The fruit of the sweet chestnut tree usually falls between mid-September and mid-October and can be roasted to use in a range of recipes, including Christmas stuffing. In other European countries, C. sativa has only been introduced recently, for example in Slovakia or the Netherlands..  Further clues pointing to this theory can be found in the work of Pliny the Elder, who mentions only Greek colonies in connection with sweet chestnut cultivation. The edible chestnut - Castanea sativa - usually referred to as the Spanish or sweet chestnut, is a native of mountainous regions of Western Asia, North Africa and Southern Europe. Your Sweet Chestnut Fruit stock images are ready. Watercolour drawing fashion aquarelle isolated. It can reach up to 12 metres within 20 years, and up to a final maximum height of around 30 metres. Pierce a few holes in the bag and put them in the fridge for 3 months. Mature American chestnut trees are rare in the wild due to infestation by the chestnut blight in the early 20th century. Sweet Chestnuts are a low-oxalate food source. No membership needed. Tannins can alleviate the skin problems and offer relief from swelling and pain caused due to tear in body tissues. Sep 14, 2018 - Sweet Chestnut - leaves & fruit - September 2018 Fiber helps to absorbs water and makes stools soft along with adding bulk to it. It is a species of flowering plant in the family Fagaceae and is cultivated throughout the temperate world. This will eventually lower your risk of stroke, heart attack and coronary heart disease to a large degree.(1). Spanish chestnut is a wonderful huge shade tree for parks, estates and avenues and occasionally planted for erosion control in Mediterranean countries.  Italy, France, southern Switzerland, Spain, Portugal and Greece are countries with a strong sweet chestnut tradition, with trees cultivated intensively in coppices and orchards. Most sweet chestnut is consumed in processed form, which has an impact on the nutrient composition. At this time of year, under big old gnarled and twisted sweet chestnut trees (Castanea sativa), the vibrant green fruit-husks called ‘cupules’ litter the ground, resembling a colony of spiky sea urchins.Usually, they have split slightly open to reveal three or … Nevertheless, roasted or boiled chestnuts may still be a solid vitamin C source, since 100 gram still represent about 20% of the recommended daily dietary intake. Chestnut fruits are covered in a hard, spiny shell that when closed looks like a green sea urchin. (7), Brain function and cognition are improved through the regular consumption of chestnuts. Fresh chestnuts contain vitamin C and are much lower in fat than other nuts and contain twice as much starch as a potato, earning the chestnut tree the nickname “bread tree” in some regions of the world. A tree grown from seed may take 20 years or more before it bears fruits, but a grafted cultivar such as 'Marron de Lyon' or 'Paragon' may start production within five years of being planted. Calories from Fat 35.19 Kcal. Most of us think fats as a bad thing to be burned off during a diet, but in fact, our body needs a number of other fats to function normally. The sweet chestnut tree doesn’t need vigorous cuts as it naturally grows a well aired crown. Calories from Fat 11.25 Kcal. Inside, there is an edible, creamy-white part developed from the cotyledon.. In Korea, a kind of sweet dessert known as yaksik is prepared using chestnuts, jujube, and pine nuts mixed with glutinous rice for the New Year celebrations. Pomona Fruits : Sweet Chestnut Trees - £5.95 Rootgrow (150g Granules) For better establishment, naturally healthier plants, better drought resistance and stronger flowering and fruiting, rootgrow™ is all you need.  Organic acids are also affected by high temperatures: their content decreases about 50% after frying, and 15% after boiling.  Furthermore, a visual sorting is not possible. Calcium and phosphorus are two important minerals that are totally crucial for bone health as they make up the main composition of bones; however, a healthy dose of Magnesium is necessary for the other two to carry out their function effectively. It can reach up to 12 metres within 20 years, and up to a final maximum height of around 30 metres.The leaves are very long at 10-25cm and have an easily identified toothed edge. Split the shells as described above, put the chestnuts in a single layer on a microwave-safe plate, and blast them on full power for two minutes (in a 850W oven). 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